History 104: Western Civilization since 1648

Lecture: The Great War and Russian Revolution

Available in many languages since its original French, The Internationale is the international song opposing repression. It was used in the Russian Revolution, and was Bolshevik Russia's national anthem until 1944. See Lyrics for this section in Russian and English
Bolshevik preparing to pull down a statue of Tsar Alexander III ---> Bolshevik pulling down statue of Alexander II

War is a most uneconomical, foolish, poor arrangement, a bloody enrichment of that soil which bears the sweet flower of peace ...

-- M. E. W. Sherwood (1897)

British helping German soldiers
British soldiers helping wounded German prisoners on the Western Front


All text, lecture voice audio, and course design copyright Lisa M. Lane 1998-2018. Other materials used in this class may be subject to copyright protection, and are intended for educational and scholarly fair use under the Copyright Act of 1976 and the TEACH Act of 2002.