History 104: Western Civilization since 1648

Lecture: The 1920s and 1930s

Music: from Five Pieces for Orchestra by Arnold Schoenberg, one of the most controversial composers ever. He used new techniques of composition based on the twelve tones of the chromatic scale, ignoring usual melodies and harmonies to create "atonal" music which Schönberg said was "the emancipation of the dissonance."

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Rudy Valentino
Rudolph Valentino
Movie actor and hearthrob of 1920s Hollywood


The minute you or anybody else knows what you are you are not it, you are what you or anybody else knows you are and as everything in living is made up of finding out what you are it is extraordinarily difficult really not to know what you are and yet to be that thing.

-- Gertrude Stein (1937)



All text, lecture voice audio, and course design copyright Lisa M. Lane 1998-2018. Other materials used in this class may be subject to copyright protection, and are intended for educational and scholarly fair use under the Copyright Act of 1976 and the TEACH Act of 2002.