History 104: Western Civilization since 1648

Lecture: Industrialization

Hanley, an industrial town

Hanley, an industrial town

This is a piece of a work by Haydn known as the "Clock Symphony" (1794). Though there is definitely detachment here from the working classes, there is also the feeling of industrial mechanization.


Machines were, it may be said, the weapon employed by the capitalists to quell the revolt of specialized labor.

-- Karl Marx (1847)